In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) and is an advanced procedure. It is the process of fertilisation where eggs are extracted and a sperm sample is retrieved. Then both the egg and sperm are manually combined in the laboratory. Subsequently, the embryo is transferred to the uterus.
When to opt for IVF?
- Tubal damage- If a woman has blocked or missing fallopian tubes, it can be confirmed by laproscopy. It is also suggested if tubal microsurgery has failed.
- Male infertility- If a male has low sperm count, poor motility, abnormal morphology and absent sperms in semen, IVF may be the recommended by doctors.
- Endometriosis-IVF is an option for women suffering from severe/moderate endometriosis distorting pelvic anatomy.
- Ovulatory disorders- Most ovulation problems can be treated using ovulation drugs. In case, a pregnancy does not occur, IVF may be considered.
- Unexplained infertility- If a couple suffers from unexplained infertility and has not conceived after 6 cycles of ovulation induction, IVF may be a treatment option.
- Failed IUI cycles- IVF could be the next step if previous intrauterine insemination cycles have not been successful.
IVF is recommended as treatment in the following cases: